The Louvre is one of the largest art museums in the world. It is situated on the right bank of the river Seine in Paris. In its glorious past, The Louvre was the homestead of French Kings; today it houses the best known, most visited piece of art in the world--
Mona Lisa. This is one of the most valued paintings ever. Of course, there are also other important treasures of art on display: Renaissance masterpieces, ancient Egyptian sculptures, and the Royal Painting Collection from the 13th to the 20th century.
The Louvre was inaugurated on August 10th, 1793, and the number of paintings was reduced to 587 at that time. The museum had to be closed to the public in 1796 because of an issue with the law. Its door reopened under the new name "Musée Napoléon" in 1801, this time with a large collection of art.
When Napoléon lost the battle at Waterloo, several pieces of art were seized and returned to their original owners. During the reign of Louis XVIII and Charles X, the collection became much larger. At the time of the Second French Empire, the museum had 20 000 pieces of art in its possession. Since the Third Republic, various collections have been added. In 2008, those masterpieces were divided into eight categories: Egyptian Art; Oriental Art; Greek, Etruscan, Roman Art; Art of Islam; Sculptures; Objects of Art; Paintings; and Graphics Art.
During your stay in Paris, don't forget to visit this awesome museum. It is free of charge on the first Sunday of each month.